Family planning is about deciding how many children you choose to have and when you want to have them (timing of pregnancies and birth spacing).
Methods of contraception include:
- Oral contraceptive pills;
- Vaginal rings;
- Intra uterine devices;
- Male and female sterilization;
- Lactational amenorrhea method;
- Withdrawal and fertility awareness based method.
These methods have different mechanisms of action and effectiveness in preventing unintended pregnancy.
Why Is Family Planning Important?
- Pregnancy complications can be minimized:
Family planning helps protect women from any health risks that may occur before, during or after childbirth. These include high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, infections, miscarriage and stillbirth.
- Infant mortality rates can be cut down:
When a pregnancy is unplanned, ill-timed, or too closely spaced, it can affect the mother’s health which, in turn, affects the health and safety of her unborn child. An infant will have a greater risk of death and weak health if the mother dies while giving birth.
- People get educated and empowered:
When a couple or an individual is aware of their rights and are aware of what their options are, they can make sound decisions in life.
Family planning can help a couple or an individual decide on what’s best for their sexual and reproductive health. By carefully spacing pregnancies, a couple can build financial security, allowing them to raise a family that they can properly care for. A family that is properly cared for is a healthy family, and a healthy family is the foundation of a healthy community.
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